Remember, time is one of the primary constraints of project management – if it changes, it can have a
significant impact on the project scope or the other factors of “people” and budget.
People: Roles and Responsibilities
Developing the project plan also includes determining who will be responsible for completing the
specific tasks and activities. Take into consideration all of the people who could contribute to the
project: lawyers, paralegals, support staff, other resources within the company, outside counsel,
Using RACI Diagrams
When assigning roles and responsibilities, many project managers find it helpful to use a “RACI”
diagram. A RACI diagram describes the roles of various teams or people involved in delivering a
project. The RACI diagram provides structure and clarity to cross-functional roles on a project.
The RACI diagram splits tasks into four key responsibilities, which are then assigned to different
roles in the project or process. These responsibility types make up the acronym RACI:1
Responsible - Those who do work to achieve the task. There can be multiple responsible persons or groups.
Accountable - The resource ultimately answerable for the correct and thorough completion of
the task. There should be exactly one “A” (accountable person) specified for each task.
Consulted - Those whose opinions are sought. Consulting implies a two-way communication.
Informed - Those who are kept up-to-date on progress of the progress. These are recipients of
A sample RACI diagram is attached in the Appendix.
1 Some project managers prefer a RASCI diagram – adding a category for those who support the
ACC Resources: People
ACC Guide to Value-Based Staffing
The In-House Attorney as Project Manager